Luke Brown, Giovanni E Ferrer Suarez, Karuna Sangam.
Gamal Mograby, Dan Kelleher, Luke Rogers, Sasha Teplyaev.
Laplacians have been well studied on post-critically finite (PCF) fractals. However, less is known about gradients on such fractals. Building on work by Teplyaev, we generalize results regarding the existence and continuity of the gradient on the standard Sierpinski Gasket to higher dimensional Sierpinski Gaskets. In particular, we find that, for functions with a continuous Laplacian, the gradient must be defined almost everywhere, and specify a set of points for which it is defined. Furthermore, we provide a counterexample on higher-dimensional Sierpinski gaskets where the Laplacian is continuous but the gradient is not defined everywhere. We conjecture that Hölder continuity of the Laplacian is a condition strong enough to guarantee that the gradient exists at each point.
Courtney George, Samantha Jarvis.
Dan Kelleher, Luke Rogers, Sasha Teplyaev.
We analyze the spectra of a sequence of graphs constructed from the Schreier graphs of the Basilica group. Our analysis differs from earlier work of Grigorchuk and Zuk in that it is based on a macroscopic decomposition of the graphs. This method gives precise information about the multiplicities of eigenvalues and, consequently, good information about the spectral measures of large graphs. It also permits a proof of the existence of gaps in the spectrum of limiting graphs.
Spectral properties of graphs associated to the Basilica group
Stephen Loew, Madeline Hansalik, Aubrey Coffey
Luke Rogers, Antoni Brzoska
The diamond fractal is a fractal that is obtained in the following manner. Start with a graph with two vertices and an edge and replace the edge with two new vertices connected to our original vertices to obtain a diamond shaped graph. The diamond fractal is defined to be the limiting object after continuing with the edge replacement indefinitely. In the project, the spectrum of magnetic Laplacian operators on graph approximations to the diamond fractal was computed.
Given a level n approximation to the fractal with known magnetic field strengths through cells and holes, it is possible to determine the net magnetic field through the cells and holes of the preceding graph approximations. The spectral similarity relation between the operators on successive graph approximations was worked out, with the corresponding spectral decimation polynomial depending on the magnetic field strengths. A poster and talk on this work was presented at the REU Mini-Symposium at UConn.
Magnetic Spectral Decimation