Overview: We study and simulate on computers the fractional Gaussian fields and their discretizations on surfaces like the two-dimensional sphere or two-dimensional torus. The study of the maxima of those processes will be done and conjectures formulated concerning limit laws. Particular attention will be paid to log-correlated fields (the so-called Gaussian free field).
In practice, financial models are not exact — as in any field, modeling based on real data introduces some degree of error. However, we must consider the effect error has on the calculations and assumptions we make on the model. In complete markets, optimal hedging strategies can be found for derivative securities; for example, the recursive hedging formula introduced in Steven Shreve’s “Stochastic Calculus for Finance I” gives an exact expression in the binomial asset model, and as a result the unique arbitrage-free price can be computed at any time for any derivative security.
In incomplete markets this cannot be accomplished; one possibility for computing optimal hedging strategies is the method of sequential regression. We considered this in discrete-time; in the (complete) binomial model we showed that the strategy of sequential regression introduced by Follmer and Schweizer is equivalent to Shreve’s recursive hedging formula, and in the (incomplete) trinomial model we both explicitly computed the optimal hedging strategy predicted by the Follmer-Schweizer decomposition and we showed that the strategy is stable under small perturbations.
We study the Law of Large Numbers (LLN) and and Central Limit Theorems (CLT) for products of random matrices. The limit of the multiplicative LLN is called the Lyapunov exponent. We perturb the random matrices with a parameter and we look to find the dependence of the the Lyapunov exponent on this parameter. We also study the variance related to the multiplicative CLT. We prove and conjecture asymptotics of various parameter dependent plots.
Publication: “Lyapunov exponent and variance in the CLT for products of random matrices related to random Fibonacci sequences” — arXiv:1809.02294, Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. Ser. B25 (2020), pp 21